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Church of the St. Boris and Hlib

The temple-tomb of the first Russian saints Boris and Hlib was, without exaggeration, the main shrine of Kyivan Rus.

It was here that the princes came to pray and for Euharist, being deadly ill (who will help better than not just saints, but "saints-relatives"!), and before the decisive events - for the blessing.

Interest in this monument was the beginning of archaeological excavations (although amateurish) in Vyshgorod in general.

In addition, it was the main architectural dominant of the city and one of the largest Old Russian temples (42 × 28 m). For example, the size of the main metropolis - St. Sophia Cathedral - was 54 × 41 m!

The present church was built according to a typical project in the ղth century. The foundations of the original building are laid out alongside red granite.

The history of the construction of the Boris-Hlib Church is connected with one of the most tragic events in the history of Kyivan Rus. After the death of Prince Volodymyr the Great (1015), one of his sons (according to another version - stepchildren), Svyatopolk, later called the Crust, planned to kill his brothers Boris and Hlib to take the Kiev throne.

For this he instructed the Vyshhorod boyars. At one time, Mikhail Hrushevsky wrote that this choice was most likely due to the fact that before his death Volodymyr "put" Svyatopolk on the Vyshgorod throne. This assumption received a significant archaeological confirmation: The only known seal of this prince today is found exactly in Vyshgorod.

The murderers brought the body of Boris to Svyatopolk, then they buried it near the Vyshgorod Church of St. Basil (apparently built by Volodymir).

Alla Plotnikova,

Head of the Department of the Protection of Monuments of the Vyshgorod Historical and Cultural Reserve

Dmytro Shevchenko,

Head of the Historical Museum of the Vyshgorod Historical and Cultural Reserve



 

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(08.09.2019)
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 (08.09.2019)
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